Professionals working in infrastructure protection work to ensure the security of the nation's major systems and operations including communications, transportation, utilities, financial services, business, government and public health. Actual positions are wide ranging and based on the system supported. Also, positions such as a communications manager; information technology analyst; trucking dispatcher; utilities operator; or public health administrator may have part-time, shared responsibilities for infrastructure protection within their businesses and industries. These employees are spread through local, regional and state law enforcement agencies and the some private sector entities. Several federal agencies also employ these professionals including the U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Treasury.
  • The educational and training requirements for jobs in the federal government mirror those in the private sector for most major occupational groups.
  • Many jobs in managerial or professional and related occupations require a four-year college degree. Some, such as engineers, physicians and surgeons, and biological and physical scientists, require a bachelor’s or higher degree in a specific field of study.

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For jobs requiring access to sensitive or classified materials, applicants must undergo a background investigation in order to obtain a security clearance. This investigation covers an individual's criminal, credit and employment history, as well as other records.
Advancement for most workers in the federal government is currently based on a system of occupational pay levels, or 'grades', although more departments and agencies are being granted waivers to utilize different pay and promotion strategies.
Workers typically enter the federal civil service at the starting grade for an occupation and begin a 'career ladder' of promotions until they reach the full-performance grade for that occupation.